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Alert: Egypt – State Security Officers torture doctor for supporting el-Baradei

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Dr. Mohamed has become the first victim of the forthcoming presidential elections in Egypt.

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Islamic Human Rights Commission
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12 March 2010


Update Alert: Egypt – State Security Officers torture doctor for supporting el-Baradei


Contents
1. Summary
2. Background

 


1. Summary


Dr. Taha Abdel Tawwab Mohamed, Physical therapist in Fayoum Governorate has become the first victim of the forthcoming presidential elections in Egypt. It has been reported that a senior State Security Officer Mohamed Abdel Tawwab summoned Dr. Mohamed to the headquarters of State Security Investigations (SSI) on 08 March 2010. The Officer interrogated Dr. Mohamed for his role in campaigning for Dr. el-Baradei at Senorse region in Fayoum Governorate and his involvement in other conferences for the same purposes. Dr. Mohamed was also questioned about his speeches in which he urged the public to defend al-Aqsa Mosque of Palestine.

According to the testimony of Dr. Mohamed, the State Security officers severely tortured and detained him for one day for his alleged involvement in organizing the conference which he denied. In response to the ill-treatment and torture, Dr. Mohamed filed a complaint to the Chief Prosecutor and started a hunger strike until he gains his rights and the officers are brought to justice.

Dr. Mohamed said in an interview: “All I am asking for is my rights. I am a doctor and I have dignity. Even slaves are not treated this way. I want my rights to be respected and want this officer to be tried.”


2. Background

Egypt’s forthcoming presidential elections will be taking place in 2011. Dr. el-Baradei, former head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, is the only standing candidate who is expected to challenge President Mubarak’s 30 years of distasteful and oppressive rule.

Dr. Taha Abdel Tawwab Mohamed was the first victim of el-Baradei elections campaign. He was summoned by the State Security officer Mohamed Abdel Tawwab who tortured him severely until he lost consciousness and eventually released him on Tuesday at 8am.

Dr. Mohamed went to the Central Hospital of Senorse for treatment after he was released. The doctors advised him to stay for some days until he recovers fully. Meanwhile, he filed a complaint (No 1483 of 2010) and started a hunger strike until the officer who tortured and insulted him is brought before justice.
 
A group of 30 lawyers, headed by Mr. Eid Sayyed Abdullah, filed a complaint to, Chief Prosecutor of al-Fayoum, Abdel Hayy Fazoura to investigate the incident.Chief Prosecutor Fazoura has assigned prosecutor Ahmed El-Gohary to carry out an investigation. He consequently sent two police officers to the hospital in order to question Dr. Mohamed but he refused to speak to them in fear of being re-arrested or tortured. He said that he would only speak before the Prosecutor.

Dr. Mohamed stated in an interview that he was summoned to the SSI Headquarters by a policeman who threatened to arrest him if he did not show up to meet Mr. 207, which is the code name of officer Mohamed Abdel Tawwab.

He said “I went and asked for Officer Mohamed Abdel Tawwab. Some Officers surrounded me and dragged me to his office and the officer started insulting me as soon as I entered his office. I denied the allegations then he started beating me up severely with the help of his assistants” Dr. Mohamed Added “He stripped me of my clothes, intimidated and beat me. I fainted and found myself in a cell in the morning. I shouted for help until they let me out before dawn. They threatened to make me disappear if I spoke about the incident.”

According to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966) Article 7 “No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment”. This inhuman treatment, torture and threats are considered as a serious breach of the Geneva Convention of 1949 which states:
 
“The International Tribunal shall have the power to prosecute persons committing or ordering to be committed grave breaches of the Geneva Convention of 12 August 1949, namely the following acts against persons or property protected under the provisions of the relevant Geneva Convention: (...)b) torture of inhuman treatment(...).”

The torture of Dr. Mohamed is a clear violation of the national law and international conventions. The Egyptian government and the Chief Prosecutor of Egypt must investigate the incident and put an end to all kinds of torture of civilians in all police stations, State Security Headquarters and prosecutions.

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"And what reason have you that you should not fight in the way of Allah and of the weak among the men and the women and the children, (of) those who say: Our Lord! Cause us to go forth from this town, whose people are oppressors, and give us from Thee a guardian and give us from Thee a helper."
Holy Qur'an: Chapter 4, Verse 75

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Islamic Human Rights Commission
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