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The following section is a compilation of resources to be used by students to learn more about and interact with the concept of 'genocide' and 'Genocide Memorial Day'. The following resources can also be used by teachers (possible subjects: History, Geography, PSHE, etc) to plan lessons, set as homework, use for research, etc. The Teacher's Section features a lesson plan, a slideshow listing various genocidal acts that have occurred over the years and an animated clip that can be used to quickly explain the concept of 'genocide'. Use the links below to navigate the page and browse our resources.

Students and teachers should also note that in conjuction with GMD, we host an annual Poetry Competition - CLICK HERE FOR MORE DETAILS.

DOCUMENTARIES
Take a look at this excellent selection of documentaries that will help inform you and allow you to better understand the concept of genocide:

Forgotten Genocide - (Film Premier and Q&A)
8000 men and children were murdered in what was supposed to be a United Nations safe zone over twenty years ago. To this day, Srebrenica is the only incident within a three year-long bloody campaign that is classified as genocide but 'Forgotten Genocide' lays bare the truths long left unspoken

This is an IHRC-produced documentary and we would be happy for a member of the production team to visit and talk to the class. The documentary is suitable for KS4 and KS5; and some sections are possibly suitable for KS3

Shingal’s Children: Banished by Daesh (40 mins)
The Takfiri terrorist group, Daesh or ISIL has been attacking and devastating towns and villages in Iraq and Syria. Daesh terrorists control some parts of Syria and Iraq and they are engaged in crimes against humanity in the areas under their control. ISIL Takfiris have terrorized and killed people of all communities, including Shias, Sunnis, Kurds, and Christians. With the liberation of Shingal eventually a humanitarian corridor for the hundreds of civilians who had been stranded in the Mount Sinjar area was opened. With their evacuation terrifying stories of massacre and abduction emerged.

Burnt Books (40 mins)
Until recently Mali society lived in relative peace with one another, tolerant of minority religions and integrated into societal norms. However, for the past three years alone people in Mali have dealt with a government takeover, civil war, foreign terrorism as well as local terrorism and rebellion, displacement of masses of people, government collapse, and destruction of the country’s most endearing artifacts.

The Trial of Radovan Karadzic (10 mins)
Two decades after the guns fell silent in Bosnia, a special U.N. court in The Hague, Netherlands, sentences the former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic to 40 years in jail.

Vietnam: Orange Memories (1 hour)
During the Vietnam War, the US Army used Agent Orange as part of its herbicidal warfare program. This agent became the main reason of more than 500,000 birth defects in both the US and Vietnam.

MAAFA 21 (2 hours 26 mins)
Maafa 21 is a documentary on the modern eugenics movement, from its roots in 19th century imperialist Europe and in various post-slavery elitist milieus in America, to the Third Reich and its Final Solution for the "Jewish question" -- the film proceeds on to today, where it exposes the incredible proportions of the culling of Black people by abortion, in 21st century

The Truth About Congo (30 mins)
Millions of Congolese have lost their lives in a conflict that the United Nations describes as the deadliest in the world since World War Two. United States allies, Rwanda and Uganda, invaded in 1996 the Congo (then Zaire) and again in 1998, which triggered the enormous loss of lives, systemic sexual violence and rape, and widespread looting of Congo’s spectacular natural wealth.

The Canary Effect
Delving deeply into the often misunderstood and frequently over looked historic realities of the American Indian, The Canary Effect follows the terrifying and horrific abuses instilled upon the Indigenous people of North America, and details the genocidal practices of the US government and its continuing affects on present day Indian country.

Year Zero: The Silent Death of Cambodia
The film recounts the bombing of Cambodia by the United States in 1970 during the Vietnam War, the subsequent brutality and genocide that occurred when Pol Pot and his Khmer Rouge militia took over, the poverty and suffering of the people, and the limited aid since given by the West.

Aghet (93 mins)
Aghet is a powerful documentary, depicting the annihilation of 1.5 million Armenians from 1915-1923 and the effects of the Turkish government's international campaign of genocide denial.

Utopia (1 hour 33 mins)
Utopia highlights that Aboriginal Australians in Australia are currently imprisoned at 10 times the rate that South Africa imprisoned black people under apartheid, rates of rheumatic heart disease and trachoma among Aboriginal Australians are some of the highest in the world and suicide rates are increasing, especially among youths.

FILMS
This selection of films each link back to their respective IMDB page which will have parental guidance notes and certificate details. Both enlightening and engaging, this is certainly a way for students to enjoy themselves while tackling the subject matter

Hotel Rwanda (2004)
Paul Rusesabagina was a hotel manager who housed over a thousand Tutsi refugees during their struggle against the Hutu militia in Rwanda.

Beyond the Gates (2005)
In April 1994, after the airplane of the Hutu President of Rwanda is shot down, the Hutu militias slaughter the Tutsi population

Rabbit-Proof Fence (2002)
In 1931, three aboriginal girls escape after being plucked from their homes to be trained as domestic staff and set off on a trek across the Outback

Behind Enemy Lines (2001)
A Navy navigator is shot down over enemy territory and is ruthlessly pursued by a secret police enforcer and the opposing troops. Meanwhile his commanding officer goes against orders in an attempt to rescue him

Schindler's List (1993)
In German-occupied Poland during World War II, Oskar Schindler gradually becomes concerned for his Jewish workforce after witnessing their persecution by the Nazi Germans

Where the Spirit Lives (1989)
A young Native Canadian (First Nations person) fights to keep her culture and identity when she is abducted to a residential school

The Killing Fields (1984)
A journalist is trapped in Cambodia during tyrant Pol Pot's bloody "Year Zero" cleansing campaign, which claimed the lives of two million "undesirable" civilians

Thunderheart (1992)
A young FBI agent is assigned to work with a cynical veteran investigator on a murder on a poverty-stricken Sioux reservation

Attack on Darfur (2009)
American journalists in Sudan are confronted with the dilemma of whether to return home to report on the atrocities they have seen, or to stay behind and help some of the victims they have encountered

Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee (2007)
A chronicle of how American Indians were displaced as the U.S. expanded west. Based on the book by Dee Brown

The Act of Killing (2012)
A documentary which challenges former Indonesian death-squad leaders to re-enact their mass-killings in whichever cinematic genres they wish, including classic Hollywood crime scenarios and lavish musical numbers

Salvador (1986)
An American photojournalist gets caught in a political struggle at El Salvador in 1980

The Battle of Algiers (1966)
In the 1950s, fear and violence escalate as the people of Algiers fight for independence from the French government

Hiroshima (1995)
The grisly events leading to the first attack with a nuclear weapon

Amistad (1997)
About a 1839 mutiny aboard a slave ship that is traveling towards the northeastern coast of America. Much of the story involves a court-room drama about the free man who led the revolt

Black Sun: Nanking Massacre (1995)
In 1937, Japanese troops raid the Chinese city of Nanking to execute a planned massacre by subjecting over 300,000 helpless civilians to various tortures and atrocities before slaughtering them all.

No Man's Land (2001)
Bosnia and Herzegovina during 1993 at the time of the heaviest fighting between the two warring sides. Two soldiers from opposing sides in the conflict, Nino and Ciki, become trapped in no man's land, whilst a third soldier becomes a living booby trap.

City of Life and Death (2009)
In 1937, Japan occupied Nanjing, the Chinese capital. There was a battle and subsequent atrocities against the inhabitants, especially those who took refuge in the International Security Zone.

BOOKS
Have a browse of this suggested reading list for KS3 and above! Reading fictional works is another way to be more engaged with the concept of genocide and what it means

9+

Lines in the Sand: New Writing on War and Peace by Mary Hoffman
This anthology about war and peace contains poems, short stories and illustrations from 135 contributors from around the world. Written in response to the recent devasting events in Iraq, the result is a thought-provoking medley of messages fostering peace. A wide range of conflicts are featured: the Gulf War, Northern Ireland, Croatia, Kosovo, Afghanistan, Nigeria, the Falklands War, the Spanish Civil War, the two World Wars and many more.

My Name Was Hussein by Hristo Kyuchukov
Based on the author's life, this picture book traces the experiences of a young Roma boy who lives in Bulgaria. Hussein introduces readers to the blend of many cultures and traditions that his family has incorporated over the centuries: the henna hand painting from India, the observance of Muslim religious ceremonies, and an Arabic name passed down through generations. When communist soldiers arrive in their village, their freedom is curtailed. Hussein and his brother miss the celebrations they were used to, but the greatest indignity is being forced to adopt "Christian names."

The Grand Mosque of Paris by Karen Ruelle, Deborah Desaix
Beautifully illustrated and thoroughly researched, this compelling book reveals the almost unknown story of how French Muslims' courage, faith, and devotion to justice saved the lives of so many Jews during World War II

The Island by Armin Greder
Islanders find a man on the beach. He isn’t like them. They want to send him back to sea, but they don’t want to be responsible for his death. They take him in, but lock him in a goat pen. He needs food, so they give him the pigs’ scraps and lock him up again. The islanders imagine the evil the man could do. Growing restless and fearful, they march him to his raft and force him out to sea. They build a high wall around the island so that outsiders can’t trouble them again.

When Hitler Stole Pink Rabbit by Judith Kerr
Partly autobiographical, this is first of the internationally acclaimed trilogy by Judith Kerr telling the unforgettable story of a Jewish family fleeing from Germany at the start of World War II.

Where the Streets had a Name by Randa Abdel-Fattah
Thirteen-year-old Hayaat is on a mission. She believes a handful of soil from her grandmother's ancestral home in Jerusalem will save her beloved Sitti Zeynab's life. The only problem is the impenetrable wall that divides the West Bank, as well as the checkpoints, the curfews, and Hayaat's best friend Samy, who is always a troublemaker.

11+

A Beautiful Lie by Irfan Master
Set in India during the summer of 1947, A Beautiful Lie follows the tumultuous events of the Partition of India through the eyes of Bilal who is looking after his ill father.

Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank
In July 1942, thirteen-year-old Anne Frank and her family, fleeing the occupation, went into hiding in an Amsterdam warehouse. Over the next two years Anne vividly describes in her diary the frustrations of living in such close quarters, and her thoughts, feelings and longings as she grows up. Her diary ends abruptly when, in August 1944, they were all betrayed.

Milkweed by Jerry Spinelli
Misha only has a name because his friend Uri gave it to him. He has no knowledge of who he is or where he came from; all he knows is that he has survived in Nazi-occupied Warsaw because he is very small and very quick. Milkweed is the story of life in the Warsaw ghetto as seen through the eyes of a child who has no history and lives for today because that is all that he knows

Unheard Voices by Malorie Blackman
This collection of writing about slavery was published to coincide with the 200 year anniversary of the Abolition of the Slave Trade Act 1807. Edited by Malorie Blackman, who herself contributes a powerful new short story, the anthology moves from themes of capture and transportation culminating in work surrounding the legacy of slavery.

12+

A Little Piece of Ground by Elizabeth Laird, Sonia Nimr
12-year-old Karim Aboudi and his family are trapped in their Ramallah home by a strict curfew. Israeli tanks control the city in response to a Palestinian suicide bombing. Karim longs to play football with his mates – being stuck inside with his teenage brother and fearful parents is driving him crazy. When the curfew ends, he and his friend discover an unused patch of ground that’s the perfect site for a football pitch. Nearby, an old car hidden intact under bulldozed buildings makes a brilliant den. But in this city there’s constant danger, even for schoolboys. And when Israeli soldiers find Karim outside during the next curfew it seems impossible that he will survive...

Maus by Art Spiegelman
The story of Vladek Spiegelman and his wife, living and surviving in Hitler's Europe. By addressing the horror of the Holocaust through cartoons, the author captures the everyday reality of fear and is able to explore the guilt, relief and extraordinary sensation of survival – and how the children of survivors are in their own way affected by the trials of their parents.

Noughts & Crosses by Malorie Blackman
The population is divided into two: the white Noughts are second-class citizens, and the black Crosses are highly-revered and perceived as the superior race. 15-year-old Callum is a Nought, and his best friend, Sephy, as well as being a Cross, is also the daughter of one of the most influential politicians in the country. As well as being a compelling tale of love and friendship, this is an outstanding and thought-provoking exploration of the futility of prejudice. A contemporary classic.

Now is the Time for Running by Michael Williams
Deo’s family life is destroyed when government forces kill most of the inhabitants of his rural Zimbabwean village, including his beloved mother and grandfather. He escapes with his older brother, Innocent, whose learning difficulties and obsessive behaviour prove both a problem and an unlikely bonus. Together they flee across country in search of the South African they believe to be their father, witnessing terrible atrocities inflicted by troops, and hostility against refugees along the way.

Refugee Boy by Benjamin Zephaniah
Alem’s father is Ethiopian and his mother is Eritrean. Their countries are at war and Alem is not safe. He is not welcome in Ethiopia because he has Eritrean blood. He cannot live in Eritrea because his father is from Ethiopia. His father takes him to a place of safety but staying there will not be easy.

The Earth is Singing by Vanessa Curtis
By the middle of 1941, fifteen-year-old Hanna Michelson's life has changed beyond recognition. First the Russians came and took away her beloved father, her language and the beautiful house she had grown up in. And then the Nazis arrived and took away everything else. Because Hanna is a Jew, her family, her possessions, her home, her dignity and ultimately her life must be forfeit to the Nazi ideology that has invaded her country. But Hanna promised her Papa she would survive to tell their story.

The Suitcase: Refugee Voices from Bosnia and Croatia by Julie Mertus
The whirlwind of Europe's longest war in half a century has produced this powerful collection of personal narratives—essays, letters, and poems—from refugees fleeing Bosnia and Croatia. Taking us behind the barrage of media coverage, these stories tell of perseverance, brutality, forced departure, exile, and courage.

The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas by John Boyne
Bruno is unhappy when his Father is given an important new posting far away from Berlin. It means that he will have to move from his familiar, comfortable home and part from his friends. At nine years old, Bruno, like most German children, is unaware of the atrocities being committed by the Nazis. All he knows is that his father works for a person Bruno thinks is called ‘The Fury’. The new family home is a grim place. There are no young people to join in Bruno’s games and he is not encouraged to ask questions. Bruno is lonely. Then, by chance, he meets Shmuel, a boy who shares his birthday but lives in shadow, on the other side of a barbed wire fence.

ESSAYS
Our collection of essays details and describes a number of genocides that have taken place across the world over time. From Cambodia to Poland and beyond; these essays are brimming with new information:

Gaza and Operation Cast Lead - A diary account of two lawyers who visited Gaza to collect testimony from victims of the war

The Philippines - Omar Ahmed writes on the brutality of the American colonisation of the Philippines

Congo - Fahad Ansari on the history of colonisation in the Congo

Native Americans - Native Americans suffered a genocide that almost led to their extinction. A race almost wiped out from the face of the earth

Warsaw Ghetto - The war years between 1939 and 1945, following Nazi Germany’s invasion of Poland on September 1 1939, laid the setting for a truly poignant example of men’s failure to treat their fellow men with prerequisite dignity

Genocide in Cambodia: Revisiting the Killing Fields - Over 1.5 million people lost their lives between 17th April 1975 and January 7th 1979. Almost a quarter of Cambodia’s population died during the Khmer Rouge rule

Srebrenica: The Call for Justice - From 1992-1996, over half a million Muslims were killed, 2 million have been made refugees, and 80,000 women have been raped

Hiroshima and Nagasaki - Hajira Qureshi looks at the impact of the detonation of the first atomic bombs in Japan and the resultant genocide

Darfur - According to UN statistics more than 300000 have been killed and 2.7 million have been displaced between years 2003 to 2005

Hebron Massacre - An estimated 800 worshippers had gathered for Friday morning prayers, when Baruch Goldstein, a US-born doctor from the Jewish settlement in Kiryat Arba, and also a member of the extreme right-wing Kach movement, burst into the Ibrahimi Mosque and opened fire on unarmed Palestinian Muslims

Remembering the transatlantic slave trade - Zimarina explores the historical context of transatlantic African slavery and analyses the motives for its establishment and factors which lead to its official abolition.

The Nanjing Massacre: December 1937 - In this essay you will read about the indiscriminate killing and the rape of many innocent civilians and prisoners of war during the Second Sino-Japanese War in December 1937

Teacher's Section
Assembly Presentation - this is a presentation that can be used as part of an assembly or even in class. The presentation lists the different acts of genocide that have taken place over the years and is an eye-opening experience for students. Complete with figures, the presentation is certainly essential viewing and very easy to understand

GMD Powerpoint Lesson Plan - this interactive lesson plan will raise awareness while ensuring students have fun and truly engage with the subject matter

GMD Lesson Plan

GMD Animation
  • 60 Second Video Clip- this brief clip provides a quick explanation of the concept of 'genocide' and can be used as an introduction or starting point in a lesson

Attachments:
Download this file (Assembly Presentation.pdf)Teacher's Section[Assembly Prersentation]4468 Kb
Download this file (Assembly Presentation.pptx)Teacher's Section[Assembly Prersentation]6202 Kb
Download this file (GMD Lesson Plan.pdf)Teacher's Section[GMD Powerpoint Lesson Plan]368 Kb
Download this file (GMD Lesson Plan.pptx)Teacher's Section[GMD Powerpoint Lesson Plan]556 Kb
Download this file (Lesson Plan 27 Oct.pdf)Teacher's Section[GMD Lesson Plan]810 Kb

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